The Vikings and Saxons made their homes and buildings in very similar ways. Transport was more difficult for them than for us so in most cases the materials used would be local, probably within a mile from the site
of the building. The 7th century Saxon style hall above is a reconstruction built at Bishops Wood which illustrates a number of different construction methods.
The frame of the buildings were made of wood, usually oak but dependant on local availability. Trees would be selected, felled and then split into sections before final shaping with axe or adze. Joints were cut and pinned with wooden pegs or trenails, not just because of the cost
and difficulty of producing metal nails but also because iron corrodes quickly in green oak.